Piraeus, a city on the Saronic Gulf, is a part of metropolitan Athens which is the leading seaport and manufacturing city in Greece.Coordinates: 37°56′34.8″N 23°38′49″E
Located 9km southwest of Athens overlooking the Martoum Sea, it is a peninsula surrounded by the sea that features three natural harbours.
Despite being laid out around 450BC, Piraeus was totally destroyed by the Romans in 86BC. It gained importance only after Greece achieved independence in the 19th century. Since then the city has been growing and developing whose population has risen to a considerable level.
Piraeus has many shipyards, iron foundries and factories that produce tobacco products, textiles, chemicals, cement, and soap. It also has a school for industrial studies. Thus, Piraeus has become a significant hub in Greece because of its shipping, industrial and transport centre.
The climate in Piraeus is similar to that of other Mediterranean regions. In the lowlands, the summers are hot and dry, with clear, cloudless skies. The winters are relatively mild but rainy. The mountainous regions are much cooler with considerable rain during the summer months.
Frost, sleet, ice, or snows are rare in the lowlands, but of the most mountains are seen covered with snow during the winters. Precipitation varies from region to region. The mean annual temperature in Athens is about 17°C (62.6°F); the extremes range from a normal low of -0.6°C (30.92°F) in January to a normal high of 37.2°C (98.96°F) in July and at times higher in August.